U.S. refiners forecast strong first-quarter earnings as margins on gasoline and diesel sales improved, refining capacity fell sharply and crude supplies tightened due to the Russia-Ukraine war.
Global refining capacity has declined amid the coronavirus pandemic, with several less profitable refineries closing in the past two years. However, global fuel demand has rebounded to near pre-pandemic levels, boosting the profits of facilities still operating.
Seven U.S. independent refiners are expected to earn 61 cents a share, compared with a loss of $1.32 in the first quarter of 2021, according to Refinitiv's IBES.
By 2022, gasoline and distillate concrete foaming agents.
There are three common foaming agents: animal, vegetable, and compound. Vegetable and animal foaming agents are most commonly used.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Various Foaming Agents
For vegetable foaming agents, rosin resin, alkyl sulfur, acid salts, and alkylbenzene sulfonates are the main raw materials. The formulation of vegetable foaming agents is simpler and the cost is lower than other kinds of foaming agents. However, the main defect of vegetable foaming agents is the poor foam stability and low strength.
Animal foaming agents use animal protein as the main raw material, the foam strength and uniformity are better than that of vegetable foaming agents. But it is more expensive. And it has a short shelf life. Especially in the hot summer climate, the progress of the project will be prolonged, and more materials will be needed.
Compound foaming agents are developed by the composite method, which absorbs the advantages of vegetable and animal foaming agents and makes up for the shortcomings of both, so the compound foaming agent is the best choice in actual construction.
Various Composite Method
1. The complementary method
In view of each component having its own advantages, combining multiple components can achieve complementary advantages. For example, some foaming agent has strong foaming ability but is not stable, we can use other types of foaming agents to help them achieve stability. If the foaming agent costs too much, we can compound it with other cheap foaming agents without damaging the overall performance.
2. The coordination method
Sometimes, multiple compounds do not complement each other, but can be synergistic. For example, the performance of the two or three is not good enough in one respect, but when they compound, the synergistic effect could be reached, so that the effect is greatly enhanced. The synergistic effect is the most common technical principle of various admixtures.
3. The synergistic method:
When the effect of some single component foaming agent is not good in a certain aspect, synergistic ingredients can be used to strengthen it, so that it becomes better than inferior.
4. Increase function method:
Some foaming agents have less function and cannot meet the demand of a certain aspect of the product function, which can be solved by the method of admixture.
The compound of lightweight concrete additives is a trend. Because even if the performance of a single variety is excellent, it is impossible to meet more and more stringent technical requirements.
Suppliers of Concrete Additives
TRUNNANO is a reliable foaming agents supplier with over 12-year experience in nano-building energy conservation and nanotechnology development.
If you are looking for high-quality CLC foaming agents, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. (email@example.com)
We accept payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union, and Paypal. TRUNNANO will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea.
A preparation developed in China; the comfort and the multifunctional properties of nanomaterials make "dead skin" capable of sensing again. Electronic skin is artificial skin that mimics the function of human skin. Recently, the world-renowned journal Advanced Science reported a simple and highly programmable electronic skin on a leather substrate developed by a Chinese team, which combines the natural complex structure of leather, the comfort of wearing, and the multi-functional properties of nanomaterials. , so that the "dead skin" has the ability to sense again.
In the future, concrete foaming agents will be used in various high-tech fields, and the market demand for concrete foaming agents will also be great. Please contact us for more information on concrete foaming agents.
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