European electricity prices have reached their highest level on record on the impact of the relay with time delay
Electricity prices in Europe have reached their highest level since records began. A reduction in Russian gas supplies would ripple through Europe's energy networks and could have lasting effects on industry and households, the report said.
Electricity prices are reportedly heavily influenced by the cost of gas, which has recovered to its highest level in four months and more than quadrupled from a year ago as supplies from Russia have been cut.
Market introduction of relay with time delay
Industry competition and marketization degree: relay industry development is more mature, the market competition is more sufficient, major producing countries including China, the United States, Japan, Germany, etc., including the United States, Japan, Germany enterprise occupies most of the high-end relay market share, is mainly used in industrial automation control, automotive, communications, aerospace and other fields. The output of relays of Chinese enterprises accounts for about half of the global output of relays, but they are mainly medium and low-end products, which are mainly used in household appliances, electricity, automobiles and other fields.
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The situation has also been exacerbated by a reduction in domestic power generation as many of France's nuclear plants have had to be suspended for technical reasons. Germany exported about 600,000 megawatt-hours of net electricity to France in June, compared with 300,000 megawatt hours imported from France in the same period last year, according to the Federal Network Agency. Britain exports the equivalent of 10 percent of its domestic electricity needs to France every day.
William Peck, a power market analyst at ICIS, a commodity analysis firm, said the price increase reflected a growing number of traders' expectations that extremely tight gas supplies would continue for at least another year.
In addition, the Nord Stream pipeline between Russia and Germany was shut down in July for scheduled maintenance, adding to worries about gas supplies. Germany plans to restore up to 10 gigawatts of coal-fired power generation, but analysis says record coal prices will limit relief in the electricity market.
European zinc and aluminum smelters, on the other hand, are under intense pressure from rising energy costs and falling prices. Chris Herron, head of public affairs at the European Metals Association, said the industry had been "in trouble" since September 2021 and there might be real concerns about plant closures if electricity prices remained at such high levels.
Basic principles and classification of relay with time delay
Basic concept and principle of relay: relay is a control component that automatically disconnects when the input parameters (such as electricity, magnetism, light, heat, sound and so on) in the circuit reach a specified value, which can make the output parameters of the circuit change in a predetermined step. In circuits, relays mainly control, protect, regulate and transmit information. The relay has an induction mechanism that reflects external input parameters, an executive mechanism that realizes "on" and "off" control of the controlled circuit, and an intermediate comparison mechanism that compares, judges and converts the size of the input.
As a control element, relays have the following functions:
(1) Expand the control range, such as multi-contact relay control signal reaches a certain value, according to the different forms of the contact group, at the same time open and close the multi-circuit;
(2) amplification, such as sensitive relay, intermediate relay, etc., with a very small amount of control, can control a large power circuit;
(3) comprehensive signals, such as when multiple control signals are input into the multi-winding relay in a specified form, after comparison and synthesis, to achieve the predetermined control effect;
(4) Automatic, remote control, monitoring, such as the relay on the automatic device and other electrical appliances together, can form a program control circuit, so as to realize automatic operation.
In the competition of the relay with time delay market, enterprises in the United States, Japan and other developed countries constantly consolidate their dominant position in the global market by establishing technical standards, controlling core technologies, strengthening the integration of industrial chains, and firmly mastering the dominance of technical standards and international rules. In recent years, in order to further strengthen the core competitiveness, enterprises in the United States, Japan and other developed countries continue to expand relay with time delay products and speed up technology integration. Their business scope has broken through simple relay manufacturing and developed to industrial control, system integration and other fields. The key to the competition in the high-end field has developed from the competition of quantity to the competition of the basic research and development of new relays, key materials, special equipment and other core products.
The raw material of the relay with time delay
The relay with time delay cost of relay is mainly determined by raw materials, which are mainly iron, silver, copper and other metals, accounting for about 74.4% of the production cost, labour and manufacturing costs accounting for 13.7% and 11.9% respectively, silver, copper and iron materials accounting for 36%, 21% and 7% of the raw material cost respectively. The price of three raw materials has a certain impact on the profitability of the whole industry. In addition to the main metal raw materials of the relay with time delay, engineering plastics and enamelled wire are also important components of relays, and the overall supply of raw materials is stable at present.
The application of the relay with time delay
The rapid development of relay with time delay emerging relays. The application field of relays has changed from traditional application fields, such as household appliances and power automation control equipment, ships and new energy. Relay products have been transformed from low-end products to high-end products, such as high-voltage DC relay, high-performance industrial control relay, low-power energy-saving relay, new-generation communication relay, high-frequency relay, relay control components and other high-performance relays. The value chain of the relay industry is constantly extending to the high-end. In terms of product performance, it is developing towards the direction of more sensitive (low power consumption), smaller volume and higher performance (such as high-frequency relay).
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