• 0
  • 0

Silicon Nitride structures and properties

Crystal framework of Silicon Nitride
Si3N4 has two kinds of crystal framework: α& alpha;- Si3N4 is granular crystal as well as β& beta; -Si3N4 is needle crystal. Both of them are three-dimensional networks composed of typical vertices of [SN4] tetrahedron and also belong to hexagonal system. The difference between them depends on the order of [SiN4] tetrahedral layers. The β & beta; phase is developed by the overlap of hexagonal ring layers composed of 6 nearly totally symmetrical [SN4] tetrahedrons in the c-axis direction, while the α & alpha; stage is formed by 2 layers of tangible transformation as well as various non-hexagonal ring layers. α & alpha; stage can liquify oxygen in the series of crystal structure, as well as the internal strain of α & alpha; phase is larger than that of β & beta; phase, so the totally free power is higher than that of β & beta; phase. From the perspective of thermodynamics, the β & beta; phase is extra steady at greater temperature level. The & alpha; phase has reduced symmetry as well as is easy to develop. At the temperature of concerning 1500 ℃, the α & alpha; phase undertakes a reconstruction improvement and is changed into β & beta; stage. This transformation is permanent, and also the existence of some process conditions and also top quality is more useful to the improvement from α & alpha; phase to & beta; stage. & alpha;-Si3N4 is developed when the temperature level βis less than 1350 ℃, and & beta;-Si3N4 can be straight prepared at a temperature level

greater than 1500 ℃. Silicon Nitride residential properties The molecular formula of silicon nitride is Si3N4, of which Si make up 60.06% as well as dint N make up 39.94%. There is a strong covalent bond in between Si and N (of which the ion bond represent only 30%), so the Si3N4 has high hardness (Morse hardness 9), high melting point and also steady framework.
The Si-N in silicon nitride crystal is mainly covalent bond, and also the bonding stamina is high, so it has a large elastic modulus (4.7 × & times; 105kg/cm2). The coefficient of thermal expansion is reduced, however the thermal conductivity is large, so this material is hard to generate thermal stress, so it has excellent thermal shock resistance and also excellent thermal shock resistance. It has toughness, high mechanical strength at high temperature and little deformation at high temperature. (the high temperature deformation of silicon nitride ceramic with 2.5 g/cm3 density is 0.5% at 1200 × & times; 1000h ℃ as well as 23 × & times; 7kg/cm2 tons). Not eroded by several metals, as a result of the development of a silicon dioxide layer, good oxidation resistance as well as great electrical insulation.

Silicon nitride has no melting factor as well as sublimates as well as breaks down at 1900 ℃ under air pressure. The specific warmth is 711.8 J/ kg ℃. The microhardness of α & alpha; phase and also & beta; stage is 10 ~ 16GPa and also 24.5 ~ 32.65 Grade point average specifically. Since it is a solid covalent bond substance, no fluid stage will certainly be formed listed below its decomposition temperature (concerning 1900 ℃), so silicon nitride products can be sintered with the help of oxide additives. The oxide products that promote sintering are primarily Y2O3, Al2O3, and so on, as well as the high enhancement amount can get to 20%. The reaction concept is that the SiO2 oxide film formed on the surface area of silicon nitride particles reacts with the included oxide to develop fluid phase and permeate at the grain limit to guarantee high diffusion ability throughout material movement.

Chemical Stability of Silicon Nitride
Si3N4 is a thermodynamically steady compound. Silicon nitride porcelains can be used up to 1400 ℃ in oxidation ambience and 1850 ℃ in neutral or reducing ambience. In fact, the oxidation response of Si3N4 happens above 800C:
Si3N4 +3 O2=3SiO2+N2.

The weight of the example raised and also a dense silica safety layer was slowly based on the surface area, which avoided the further oxidation of Si3N4. The weight gain was not evident till the temperature level was over 1600 ℃. Yet in the humid atmosphere, Si3N4 is extremely simple to oxidize, as well as the surface area starts to oxidize at 200 ℃, which is about two times as rapid as that in completely dry air. The oxidation activation energy of Si3N4 powder in water vapor is obviously lower than that in oxygen as well as air. The reason is that water vapor can respond with Si3N4 via amorphous SiO2 films:
Si3N4 +6 WATER=3SiO2+NH3.

Silicon nitride is secure to most metal services, free from corrosion as well as seepage, such as Al, Sn, Pb, Bi, Ga, Zn, Cd, Au, Ag and so forth. Nonetheless, for Cu option, it is not deteriorated just in vacuum cleaner or inert ambience; Mg can react weakly with Si3N4; silicon service can damp Si3N4 and also deteriorate somewhat; change component service can highly damp Si3N4 and type silicide with Si to swiftly break down silicon nitride and getaway N2 at the same time. Si3N4 is stable to alloy services such as brass, tough aluminum as well as nickel silver, as well as has excellent rust resistance to cast iron as well as medium carbon steel, but it is not immune to Ni-Cr alloy and also stainless steel.

Besides liquified NaOH as well as HF, silicon nitride has good chemical rust resistance. But the majority of the molten alkali and also salt can interact with Si3N4 to decompose it.

Silicon Nitride utilized in Refractories.
Silicon nitride ceramics are called encouraging heat structural materials due to their excellent high temperature residential properties, such as heat strength, good wear resistance and rust resistance. As a result of the strong covalent bond and low diffusion coefficient at high temperature, the manufacture of Si3N4 ceramics must depend on high temperature, high stress and sintering agent, and the price is too high, otherwise it is tough to produce excellent quality silicon nitride materials. These constraints of manufacturing costs and also devices are challenging to approve in the metallurgical industry, so the research study in the area of refractories begins relatively late, and also the research is not in-depth. Many theories come from porcelains, yet there is not much innovation. In the past, silicon nitride usually existed in the kind of bonding stage in refractories. With nitriding as well as firing of metal Si, aggregates such as diamond or silicon carbide were incorporated with fine powder, so as to achieve the purpose of combining refractory materials. Ceramic shed plate is silicon carbide aggregate and also component of great powder. Silicon nitride is developed by nitriding metal Si to create silicon nitride. Silicon carbide is incorporated to create silicon nitride bound silicon carbide material, which is made use of in blast heater body and other components, to make sure that the efficiency of the material has actually been greatly enhanced. Compared to the clay adhered silicon carbide shed plate, the heat efficiency of the material is very good, which solves the problem of protruding failing brought on by the oxidation of silicon carbide when the clay adhered silicon carbide lost plate is used.

Silicon nitride Price
The cost is affected by lots of factors consisting of the supply and demand in the market, market patterns, economic activity, market belief, as well as unforeseen occasions.
If you are searching for the current Silicon nitride powder rate, you can send us your query for a quote. (

Silicon nitride Distributor
Technology Co. Ltd. is a trusted Si3N4 supplier and Si3N4 supplier with over 12-year-experience. We ship our products all over the world.

If you are looking for top quality Si3N4 powder, please do not hesitate to call us and also send an inquiry. (

Inquiry us

Our Latest Answers

Zinc oxide nanoparticles sterilization and disinfection mechanism

Nano zinc oxide can be made use of in surface area finish items as well as used precede cars, and also there has actually been research study on the application of nano-materials in industry, such as ceramic and also rubber sector. Nowadays, the rese…

Application of Titanium Nitride

Titanium Nitride, or TiN, is a hard ceramic material with good thermal and electrical conductivity. It is widely used for coatings due to its unique qualities. The following are the most common applications for Titanium Nitride. Cutting tools…

What is amorphous boron?

Amorphous boron has a noncrystalline structure, and does not have a clearly defined arrangement of atoms. Crystalline boron is a material with a regular and ordered structure.Due to its unique properties, amorphous boran has many applications. It is…